Research and Development Programs
A SURVEY-BASED PROGRAM ON BAMBOO PLANTATION AND ITS ECONOMIC IMPACTS ON FRAMERS AND BAMBOO FARM CREATION
This program was exclusively conducted by dedicated SEWA Team of Environment and Forest management under the active guidance of the executive members of the Organisation. This in addition to our bamboo forest management program where we are looking after forest land mainly covered with wild bamboo spreading about 4800 bighas of land in Abhaiyapur forest range Sonari Forest division of Assam. In this particular plantation program, more than 500 farmers of the target districts covering 1000 bighas of land.
The socio-economic condition of the present world is basically dependent on the prevalent condition of the countryside people. The residents of the towns and cities depend on the village people one or the other way. If we want to develop our nation then we have to first try to strengthen the condition of villagers because they are the root cause of the economic condition of the nation. Through the survey conducted helped us to get an overview of the present scenario of some of the villages of Assam. The survey was basically conducted on the potential resource bamboo that is available in that area. We get to know the problems faced by them and tried to come up with proper solutions to overcome them.
The educational, transportation, financial, communicational and all other social problems are worsening the social condition of the people in the present scenario. Through a brief study of all the problems, it is relatable that the economic condition is the root cause of all these problems. Children are the people of the future society, thus for the growth of a society, the children have to be well educated. If the people are financially strong only then they could afford to make their children educated. The sophisticated modern means of communicational devices and transportation means could not be achieved by the general poor category of people. Thus, if the economic condition of these people can be raised to some height then all other problems will be sorted out to a certain extent.
To get an overview of the economic condition of the societies, a survey was conducted in some of the villages based on the potential resources on which people are commercially related. The fieldwork is done in some villages of upper Assam. It is found that the people of Titabar and Marioni of the Jorhat district are mainly dependent on bamboo plantations. Bamboo is the potential resource of the people of these districts on which they are commercially related. Almost 60-70% of people depend on these resources to earn their livelihood. These people have to face certain problems while dealing with these resources. There are some obstacles and hindrances which obstruct their economic condition. These resources on which they are highly dependent is not in a condition to fulfill their daily needs. The bamboo planters sell the bamboos at an average rate of Rs 60-90. They sell it directly or make different handmade decorative items. The demand for this resource is too high. Bamboo has almost 1500 documented uses, it is used for making pulp, residential uses, non-residential uses, rural uses, fuel, packing including baskets, transport, furniture, other wood industries etc. In spite of its high utility and demand, the growers don’t get a proper rate. Some growers use bamboo for different household activities like making fences, houses, containers, decorative items, firewood etc. The growers are sometimes not interested to sell the bamboos as they do not get much profit. It seems that it is one of the simplest cultivation that does not need much investment or care. Despite high demand and high yield without much maintenance they fail to be profitable as a result, these people are living an ordinary life. They could not afford to have a good house, good food or proper education. There are even some people who don’t have a roof to live under.
Based on this survey we have trained and distributed samplings among 500 farmers of the target districts and post monitoring and guidance is going on and with will be looking after until each bamboo reaches the mature stage or three years.
Some of the understanding we gained from this survey-based activity are:
- Bamboo is an integral part of the socio-economic development of Assam. For ages, the residents of the rural areas of Assam depend on bamboo for their livelihood and use it for different household activities. They had gained a legacy of knowledge from their ancestors on how to nurture and protect it.
- They also inherited the skills of making different varieties of handicraft items like decorative items, baskets, hand fan, furniture, utensils etc.
- There is also a social context too-bamboo in Assam finds a place in ritual and recreation, in culture and ceremony.
- Bamboo is an eco-friendly resource. It provides an alternative to many of the currently used materials which use modern technologies that damage the environment on or the other way.
- Bamboo contributes to soil erosion and the environment, giving back as much as it takes. It is a pivotal element in balancing oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; bamboo produces 30% of its volume in biomass. Its unique root structure act as binders, controlling erosion and rejuvenation of the soil. Therefore bamboo plantations can be used in river banks as embankments to prevent soil erosion.
- Bamboo has many new uses which are developed through the application of modern technologies and ideas. While producing these products provides employment to many people and assists them financially.
The economic problem can be solved to some the extent by following certain objectives:
i) To provide the people more knowledge about their useful of the resource and its application.
ii) Develop new technologies to assist them in making the resource more exposed to the world.
iii) Encourage them to organize self help group and try to supply their products directly to the industries or factories.
iv) Make model of the overall process of the digital marketing system of resource and produce it before the producers.
v) Regulating bamboo exploitation by involving different village councils.
vi) Identification of proper bamboo species for plantation and apply a modern method of breeding and nurturing to produce high yield and supply it to selected industries like bamboo mat board, NRL etc.
vii) The flooring and edible shoots have high demand in the market. So, improved technology and export linkages and supportive investments to promote such plantations and processing in state will bring the economic condition to a remarkable condition.
Apart from this, our extensive research and development programs are being conducted on various technical and social issues. Some of them are already published in online scientific journals and others are inverses of Publication.
These papers are:
a) Android Integrated Buyers & Sellers through a Novel App
b) A Study on Socio-Economic Conditions of Forest Fringe Habitants of Assam
c) Analysis on the Problems of MSMEs in the Jorhat region.
d) A Study on Drinking water problem in Rural Assam